I think there are many people who have cats or are thinking about getting one, but when asked, "What kind of animal is a cat?" . In this article, we will tell you about the ecology of cats that you do not know unexpectedly. If you know about cats and want to cherish your beloved cat more, please read it.
The ancestor of cats is an animal that lives in the desert.The ancestor of cats is said to be the Libyan wildcat, an animal that lives in the desert. As a result, they don't drink much water, their pee is thick and small, and their stools are hard. Cats living in modern times have inherited that characteristic, so there are many children who suffer from kidney disease and constipation due to the burden on the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract. In order to prevent disease, it is important to have them drink water, so it is necessary to devise ways such as using wet food and placing various drinking bowls.
Cats love high and narrow places!Cats hid themselves in places like tree caves (cave-like spaces made of trees) and rock caves, which were high and dimly lit. By hiding in such places, they protected themselves from foreign enemies. Therefore, prepare a high and safe place such as a cat tower or catwalk at home.
sleeping too long
Cats are animals that spend most of the day sleeping, as they are also called "neko". Sleep consists of REM sleep and non-REM sleep, but it is said that REM sleep, which is light sleep, is common in cats (ratio of REM sleep: about 20% in humans and about 75% in cats). It seems that the proportion of REM sleep is high in order to protect yourself from foreign enemies and to be able to move at any time.
Cats are living longer!According to the "Reiwa 2 National Dog and Cat Breeding Results Survey" announced by the Pet Food Association, the average life expectancy of cats is 15.45 years old. In human terms, this would mean that they would live to be about 80 years old. The background to this is the improved quality of pet food, the improved awareness of pet owners, and the development of veterinary medicine. One of the reasons is that the number of fully indoor cats has increased.
The cat's personality is free-spiritedUnlike dogs, cats are docile and free-spirited animals. Dogs are group animals and cats are solitary animals. Many cats also have a personality that only snuggles up when they are hungry or want to be spoiled.
Cats are nocturnal! ?
Cats are often thought to be nocturnal, but they are crepuscular, meaning they are active during dim hours such as early morning and dusk. That's why they beg meow meow and food early in the morning. We also recommend introducing an automatic feeder when the owner is sleep deprived. In the case of completely indoor cats, there are many children who are active according to the owner's life rhythm.
cats like to be cleanPeople bathe every day and dogs bathe once a month, but cats generally don't. Despite this, it maintains an odorless and clean coat. This is because cats have spines on their tongues and use them like combs to brush their entire body. It is said that cats spend about 25% of their waking hours grooming, and they are quite tidy. This is to prevent enemies from noticing your scent. However, for long-haired breeds and children with skin diseases, it is necessary to give them a bath.
I love to play! The hunter sideIf you've ever played with a cat, you'll know that once it's switched on, it behaves like a hunter. When the owner plays with the cat teaser, it will wiggle its buttocks and pop out of the shadows. Children who spend time outside catch and eat mice, insects, and lizards. Some even bring them home as "souvenirs."
Cat is almost 100% pregnantCats are animals that ovulate by mating, and once mated, they are almost 100% pregnant. Each litter gives birth to 4-8 kittens. Cats have an average gestation period of 63 days, and by going into heat two or three times a year from spring to summer, they are able to give birth and raise their young during a warm and comfortable period.
Cats are prone to panic! ?You may have seen a cat that gets startled by a loud noise and runs away... and leaks urine... Cats are cautious and alert, so they tend to be startled by small things. In particular, it is said that cats who are scared and tend to hide, young cats with little experience, and completely indoor cats who are not accustomed to stimulation are prone to panic.
different sounds of catsIt is said that there are about 20 different sounds that cats make. Humans can hear about six of them. The meowing of a cat is roughly divided into
- Indulge, demand, and be happy: meow
- When aiming for prey: Kaka-ka-ka-ku-ku-ku
- When to Intimidate: Shah, Fu
- Estrus season: meow, meow
there is. Outside cats don't meow much to hide themselves from predators, but domestic cats use various meows to communicate their needs to their owners.
cats have feelings tooCats also have emotions (“love” in the case of cats). Cats express these emotions not only with their facial expressions, but also with their tails and posture.
- Ki: Ears stand up straight, eyes widen, whiskers sharp, and a bright and lively expression.
- Wrath: Squid ears, whiskers are raised, and the hair on the whole body stands on end.
- Love: The eyes and mouth are half-open, and the whole body becomes weak and wriggling.
- Raku: The beard moves forward, the eyes tend to be black, and the ears move slightly.
five senses of a catA cat's five senses differ from humans in many ways.
visionThe visual acuity of cats is only 0.04 to 0.3 compared to humans. You may have seen that if you put a grain of food in front of you, it will not respond. You can hardly see anything standing still. However, their ability to see moving objects, known as "dynamic visual acuity," is very good, and is said to be ten times stronger than humans.
hearingCats can hear about three times the range of humans, so they can detect sounds that humans cannot hear. I can hear the sounds of small animals and insects that humans cannot hear.
touchCats have tactile sensors concentrated in their whiskers and paws. By lightly touching the whiskers and paws, you can ask yourself, ``Is it dangerous? ] will be recognized. The paws also act as cushions, absorbing the impact of jumps from high places.
sense of smellCats are said to be 200,000 to 300,000 times more sensitive to smells than humans. The excellent sense of smell is also a communication tool between cats.
The number of taste buds in cats is said to be less than one-tenth that of humans. As a result, they are sensitive to sourness and bitterness, although they have a poor sense of taste.
[Summary] Cats are funny! Tell us about your cat's personality, characteristics, and five senses!Even if you have a beloved cat that you spend time with all the time, there are many things you might not know. Let's read your cat's movements, facial expressions, and gestures! Reference material
- Tadaaki Imaizumi understands the cat brain! , Bunshun Shinsho, 2019